The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted after the end of World War II on 10 December 10, 1948 by United Nation (UN) General Assembly in Paris. UDHR was adopted after the world was drenched with atrocities by promising that war and conflict of such kind would never exist. At the time when the countries were badly devastated by World War II UDHR was drafted looking beyond the world of war and accepting the right of all individual to live in peaceful environment
It was during the second session of General Assembly in 1946 when people from various legal and cultural backgrounds of all regions of the world drafted UDHR. The document was prepared by Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights and group of researcher’s. Also referred as the international Magna Carta UDHR was formed by 18 UN members from various political, cultural and religious backgrounds that read:
“Man’s desire for peace lies behind this Declaration. The realization that the flagrant violation of human rights by Nazi and Fascist countries sowed the seeds of the last world war has supplied the impetus for the work which brings us to the moment of achievement here today”
UDHR Drafting Committee was chaired by Elenor Roosevelt, widow of America president Frnaklin D. Roosevelt. Mrs Roosevelt was recognized as pioneer behind the document.
Among others were Rene Cassin of France who prepared the first draft of the declaration, Vice-chairman Peng Chung Chang of China, the Committee Rapportuer Charlkes Malik of Lebanon and John Humprey of Canada, Director of the UN’s Human Rights Division who prepared the Declaration’s blueprint. On December 10, 1948 UDHR was adopted by 56 members of the United Nations where the vote was unanimous although eight nations choose to abstain.
UDHR was proclaimed as important document closely linked with peace, a landmark for protecting the rights and dignity of people and beginning of a system. The document today inspires many countries, individuals and stakeholders to create a better place to live a place where human rights values are respected where peace is an inspiration to all.
UDHR firmly believes that every human being have the right to freedom of speech, belief and their right to live in a peaceful environment. Adoption of UDHR became a common concern for all citizens and became a matter of legitimate international concern that was no more confined as a domestic issue. Created during the 20th century UDHR has is today an essential foundation for being a world where human beings can live with peace and dignity.
According to United Nation, UDHR was proclaimed as a common standard of achievement for all people and all nation, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
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